In the Alps, water meets the soil along glacial streams and ponds. In these environments, the soil is rich in moisture and even periodically flooded.
The soil along streams is usually very well drained and rich in gravel, but at the same time it is also moist due to water rising to the surface through capillarity.
The most common species in this environment are monochromatic, such as the dwarf willow, various rushes and sedges.
However, these are often associated with more colourful species that towards the end of summer enrich river banks with their cushions of flowers.
The “wet” meadow normally surrounds water. This is the natural habitat for several species of orchids and wild garlic with its dark pink flowers.